程博,宗奕锦.基于项目组合管理的民机型号评估指标体系[J].民用飞机设计与研究,2018,(1):135-
基于项目组合管理的民机型号评估指标体系
Indexes Evaluation System of Commercial Aircraft Based on Project Portfolio Management
  
DOI:10.19416/j.cnki.1674-9804.2018.01.025
中文关键词:项目组合管理  商用飞机型号项目  战略目标  评估技术  指标体系
英文关键词:portfolio management  commercial aircraft project  strategic goal  review technique  indexes
基金项目:
作者单位
程博 中国商用飞机有限责任公司上海200126 
宗奕锦 上海飞机设计研究院上海201210 
中文摘要:民用飞机研制项目具有高复杂度、高投入、周期长的特征,使得民机主制造商在同时进行多个型号的运营过程中面临诸多风险和挑战。借鉴国内外项目管理研究经验,结合我国民机行业发展阶段和面临问题,设计了适用于民机项目的战略评估技术并结合在我国民机企业的相关实践,评估技术能够帮助企业判断项目组合是否符合企业战略目标,确定各项目是否在既定轨道,使企业管理者明晰项目现存问题,尽早采取措施,规避战略性风险。相关研究成果及良好实践可供同业者,尤其是代表主制造商管理多个项目的项目部门或项目办公室成员借鉴参考。
英文摘要:Civil aircraft development programs are characteristic of highly complicated, expensive, typically with their long period and high technological level. And aircraft manufacturers face challenges while simultaneously building various types of products. Referring to methodologies and researches on project portfolio management, the article describes a Strategic Review Technique which can help enterprises review regularly their program portfolios on a strategic level, and decide whether all projects are on track” towards the enterprise’s strategic goals. This review technique helps enterprises in “diagnosing” projects, amending project goals or optimizing project plans. Methods, process and practices described in the article especially which applied in Chinese commercial aircraft manufacturing industries in this early stage of its development, could be used as reference for aircraft programs in a “headquarter” or a “portfolio management office” position.
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