基于人因工程视角的民机驾驶舱告警系统研究综述
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    摘要:

    为研究现代民机驾驶舱告警系统的发展历程及应用现状,通过文献综述,以人因工程学为视角,结合事故调查分析、国内外民机驾驶舱告警系统应用进展,了解民机驾驶舱告警系统功能、告警方式和告警类别,总结国内外驾驶舱告警系统概况,分析民机驾驶舱告警系统现存问题。基于驾驶舱告警的适航管理规章要求和机组在飞行任务中的认知需求,探究驾驶舱告警系统的设计需求。结合人因工程领域的研究进展,提出驾驶舱告警系统的改进方向和发展趋势,即民机告警系统设计的及时性和可靠性还存在一定改进空间,驾驶舱告警系统整体结构的设计必须要突出重点,注重自主化及个性化设计,必要时考虑驾驶舱触觉感知的融合,旨在为后续告警系统的总体设计及优化提供参考。

    Abstract:

    In order to study the development and application status of modern civil aircraft cockpit alarm system, through literature review, based on ergonomics theory, combined with accident analysis and the application progress of cockpit alarm system for civil aircraft at home and abroad, the design status of cockpit alarm systems for modern civil aircraft was explored, the civil aircraft cockpit alarm system’s functions, alarm methods and alarm categories were understood, research and application of cockpit warning systems at home and abroad were summarized. Based on the requirements of the cockpit alert for airworthiness management regulations and the crew’s cognitive needs in flight missions, to explore the design requirements of the cockpit alarm system. Combined with research progress in the field of human factors engineering, the improvement directions and development trends of the cockpit alert system are proposed, the timeliness and reliability of the design of civil aircraft alarm system are improved, the design of the overall structure of the cockpit alarm system must be focused, autonomous and personalized design should be emphasized, and the integration of cockpit tactile perception when necessary should be considered, to provide a reference for the overall design and optimization of subsequent alert systems.

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蒋引,高杉,谭维,等.基于人因工程视角的民机驾驶舱告警系统研究综述[J].民用飞机设计与研 究,2021(1):85-91JIANG Yin, GAO Shan, TAN Wei, et al.[J]. Civil Aircraft Design and Research,2021,(1):85-91. ( in Chinese)

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-04-07
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