林文进,任和,彭奇云.国产支线飞机航线运营经济性分析框架[J].民用飞机设计与研究,2019,(4):21-30
国产支线飞机航线运营经济性分析框架
  
DOI:10.19416/j.cnki.1674-9804.2019.04.004
中文关键词:支线飞机  经济性分析  航线运营  分析框架
英文关键词:regional aircraft  economic analysis  airline operation  general analysis model
基金项目:
作者单位
林文进 中国商飞博士后工作站上海 200125 
任和 上海飞机客户服务有限公司上海 200241 
彭奇云 上海飞机客户服务有限公司上海 200241 
中文摘要:国产某支线飞机进入市场化运营阶段,运营经济性成为推动民机产业发展的主导因素,亟需基于该支线飞机运营数据和实践经验研究建立国产支线飞机航线运营经济性分析框架。首先进行支线飞机潜在边际收益的因果关系分析,随后从成本和收益角度分别构建直接运营成本模型、间接运营成本模型、潜在边际收益模型、运输收益模型等,然后从年度收入成本分析、寿命周期收入成本分析、飞机投资回报分析三个维度提出支线飞机航线运营的经济性分析指标,从而构建了国产支线飞机的航线运营经济性分析框架。基于案例研究,从客公里收入、吨公里成本、收入成本利润、静态投资回收期、动态投资回收期等方面对飞机进行经济性分析,最后提出国产支线飞机的优化设计与运营经济性的相关建议。
英文摘要:As domestic commercial aircraft is stepping into commercial operation, the economic characters would become major concerns for the airlines. This paper builds an analytical model of economical efficiency for regional aircraft operation. In this paper, the causality analysis of the potential marginal benefit caused by regional aircraft was carried out. Then from the perspective of cost and benefit, a mathematical model was built, which included direct operation cost, indirect operation cost, network performance and transportation income, etc. Further, from the three dimensions of annual economic analysis, life cycle economic analysis and aircraft comprehensive evaluation, the economic metrics of regional aircraft operation were put forward, thus the general analysis model was constructed. Based on case studies, airline economic operation was analyzed in terms of revenue per passenger kilometer, cost per ton kilometer, annual revenue-cost-profit, static payback period and dynamic payback period. Finally, the optimization suggestions for regional aircraft operation were provided.
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