张序.高原航线运行控制研究:以“成都稻城”航线为例[J].民用飞机设计与研究,2018,(3):
高原航线运行控制研究:以“成都稻城”航线为例
The Reaserch of Operational Control with Hight Altitude Airway of “Chengdu—Daocheng”
  
DOI:10.19416/j.cnki.1674-9804.2018.03.004
中文关键词:高高原机场  签派放行  运行控制  飘降释压  燃油政策
英文关键词:high plateau airport  dispatching  operation control  drift down and depressurization  fuel policy
基金项目:
作者单位
张序 中国国际航空股份有限公司成都 610202 
中文摘要:以“成都—稻城”航线为案例论述了高原航线的运行特点,根据航线的实际运行,提出运行控制的建议,研究表明:1)稻城机场天气报文中有17个小时为自动观测,需放行签派员与机场气象部门和场务部门联系确认发展趋势和跑道道面情况;2)受四季气象特点的限制,推广新技术和适当增加航班备份燃油等措施对航班的签派放行和运行控制有重要的作用;3)对复杂天气的评估和一发失效及客舱释压应急处置程序是高原航线运行控制的难点;4)签派员参加高原机场“全动模拟机”训练和高原机场航线实习,有助于提升高原航线运行控制能力。
英文摘要:Taking “Chendu Daocheng” airway as an example and combining the unique characteristics of plateau airway, the paper gave some suggestions on operational control:1) The weather forecast is automatic for 17 hours in Daocheng airport, so the dispatcher has to confirm the condition of runway with the airport crew all the time; 2) Limited by the weather, the new technology and more extra fuel play important roles in the safety of dispatch and operational control; 3) The evaluation of complex weather and the emergency procedure of one engine failure and cabin decompression are the key point in the situation; 4) It will be helpful for the dispatcher to improve the ability, when he operates the flight by simulator training and practicing.
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