孙雨辰.基于层次分析法的影响民机使用的设计问题评估方法研究[J].民用飞机设计与研究,2018,(1):128-
基于层次分析法的影响民机使用的设计问题评估方法研究
The Minor Flaws Evaluation Based on the AHP Method of Civil Aircraft
  
DOI:10.19416/j.cnki.1674-9804.2018.01.024
中文关键词:民机  设计问题  影响使用  层次分析法  检查单
英文关键词:civil aircraft  design flaw  affect operation  AHP  checklist
基金项目:
作者单位
孙雨辰 上海飞机设计研究院上海201210 
中文摘要:为了对民机设计问题进行定性和定量评价,将设计问题分为影响飞机的使用(包括影响运营限制和影响签派)和影响使用者的体验(包括影响飞行员、机务和乘务员的使用)两类。首先,采用层次分析法,用多维度评价指标把不同层面的问题量化。其次,通过多名专家打分制定影响权重,并划分出问题影响等级。最后,制定用于评价使用问题的通用评估检查单。通过填写检查单能够明确评价设计问题对使用影响的严重程度,为系统设计权衡是否需要优化设计提供支撑。
英文摘要:In order to evaluate the design qualitatively and quantitatively, the design flaws are classified into two types. One type of the flaw is that affects aircraft operating, while the other affects users’ experience. Thus, analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is adopted to quantify the complex and diversity evaluation indexes. The weighted value of each index is scored by several experts, and the influence rank is formulated by weight value. At last, an evaluation checklist is worked out. In the process of filling in the checklist, the operation effects caused by design flaws and the influence ranks are clearly displayed. It would provide strong support in the tradeoff on whether design optimization is necessary.
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